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Birmingham campaign essays

The Birmingham Campaign Essay words - 7 pages. Loading: Checking Spelling. Read more. Throughout the letter, Dr. King uses logic and evidence to convince the reader about his reason for engaging in the nonviolent campaign. In the beginning, he explains that he is in Birmingham because injustice is prevalent, and that local affiliates had invited him to participate in the nonviolent action. Additionally, he made a promise and when the hour came, he fulfilled that promise. Analysis of Letter from Birmingham by Martin Luther King Jr words - 4 pages their terms he is also able to show his intelligent.

In the next few paragraphs he talks about the demonstrations and the four steps in a nonviolent campaign which consist of collection of the facts to determine whether injustices exist, negotiation, self-purification and direct action. He goes on to give the facts of the injustices occurring in Birmingham such as their record of brutality, Negro's unjust treatments in the courts and the unsolved.

The Birmingham 1963 Campaign

Martin Luther King Jr. Marching to the Mountaintop. Washington, D. Boerst, J. Marching In Birmingham.

(Service Learning) 1963: The Birmingham Campaign

Garrow, David J. World Book, Kauffman, Jill. Infobase Publishing, 16 June History Reference Center.


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King had been jailed for his participation in a peaceful protest of segregation in public places such as lunch counters and public restrooms Berkley, Chronology of Civil Rights Movement words - 7 pages to enforce desegregation. Segregationists, however, protested the agreement and initiated a new wave of violence, forcing Kennedy to send 3, army troops to restore order in the city.

SparkNotes: Martin Luther King, Jr.: Birmingham

The events that took place in Birmingham and the resulting agreements changed the civil rights movement in two major ways. First, they mobilized the moderate majority of northern and southern whites against segregation.


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Second, the Birmingham campaign marked the. In the basement of the church, five young girls, two of them sisters, gathered in the ladies room in their best dresses, happily chatting about the first days of the new school year. It was Youth Day and excitement filled the air, they were going to take part in the Sunday adult service. Since its construction in , the church had served as the centerpiece of the city's African American community, functioning as a meeting place, social center, and lecture hall.

Because of its size, location, and importance to the community, the church served as headquarters for civil rights mass meetings and rallies in the early s. Explore This Park. Just before 11 o'clock, instead of rising to begin prayers the congregation was knocked to the ground. Addie's sister Susan survived, but was permanently blinded. In the moments after the explosion, questions hung in the air - 'Where is my loved one?

Many whites were as outraged by the incident as blacks and offered services and condolences to the families. The desegregation campaign conceived by Shuttleworth was known as "Project C" and was to be a series of nonviolent protests and boycotts. Despite resistance from some of the church's leadership and members of the congregation, the 16th Street Baptist Church joined the SCLC in their campaign.

The church became the departure point for many of the demonstrations that took place in the city. On May 2, , students ranging in age from eight to eighteen gathered at the church to march downtown and talk to the new mayor about segregation. After leaving the church they were met by police and many were jailed. King was jailed for his role in the mass demonstrations here that he later described as the first American use of the Gandhi strategy: ''Fill Up the Jails.

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Of his incarceration, Dr. King wrote later, ''You will never know the meaning of utter darkness until you have lain in such a dungeon. The cell in which the King letter is believed to have been written was dismantled and placed in a warehouse when a wing of the jail was being converted to office space. Until the day the artifact can be placed in a proposed Civil Rights Museum, the cell is being stored in a former Coca-Cola bottling plant that is now a city warehouse.

The church was the staging ground for the demonstrations in the spring of and the scene of the bombing in which four black girls died that September. Elwin Hugh Hudson, who has been on the police force for 33 years, insists that the city saved the wrong cell and that the authentic one, near the old chapel in the jail, will be destroyed Monday.

Birmingham campaign

He says the cell that was dismantled had generally been used for the kitchen crews and was unlikely to have held Dr. Lieutenant Hudson has waged a one-man campaign to make the entire building a city landmark. He suggests converting the space to a restaurant, stores or even a doll museum. He has pressed his case before the Birmingham Historical Society, but the group said it chose not to support his plan to try to stop the demolition. In tearing down this monument to past inhumanities, some believe, Birmingham may be coming to grips with its reputation as what Dr.

King once called ''the most segregated city in America.